Friday, May 10, 2013

The Cambodian Royal Chronicle

71) King Ang Jaya [II]

(1673--1675, Capital: Oudong)
After the Cham/Javanese uprising which killed Prince Jayajetha, the royal family members selected King Ang Jaya II who was the older brother of Prince Jayajetha to succeed the throne in 1673.
King Ang Jaya II ruled for roughly two years when, in 1675, Prince Ang Non II and his younger brother, Prince Ang Ton, with the aid of Vietnamese troops, rebelled against him. King Ang Jaya II died in battle in that same year.

72) King Jayajetha III
(1675--1706, Capital: Oudong)
King Jayajetha III was the son of King Botumaraja (II?). After successfully defeating Prince Ang Non II and his clique, he succeeded the throne in 1675.
Prince Ang Non II escaped to Saigon (Vietnam) and found ally with the Vietnamese. In an attempt to usurp the throne, he recruited Vietnamese and Chinese minorities to help him wage war against Cambodia several times but to no avail. Finally, he surrendered to King Jayajetha III. King Jayajetha III accepted his surrender and let him stay in Srey Santhor for the rest of his life.
After the surrender of Prince Ang Non II, Cambodia experienced tranquility for a while until 1699 when a disloyal officer named Oknha Norin Im colluded with the Vietnamese army and rebelled against King Jayajetha III. But the rebellion did not succeed and Oknha Norin Im and his army were dispersed.
During his 31-year reign, King Jayajetha III had abdicated twice, one in 1700 in favor of his second nephew, and the other was between 1702 and 1704 in favor of his son. Both abdications did not last, so King Jayajetha III had to return to resume his reign until 1706 when his son, King Dhamaraja II was able to take charge of the throne.

73) King Ang Im
(1st reign 1700--1701, Capital: Pursat)
King Ang Im was the son of Prince Ang Non II. His mother was an ethnic Chinese. He succeeded the throne in 1700 after his second uncle, King Jayajetha III abdicated in favor of him. But, King Ang Im reigned for only one year when, in 1701, he returned the throne to his uncle King Jayajetha III.

74) King Dhamaraja II
(1st reign 1702-04, 2nd reign 1706--1710, Capital: Oudong)
King Dhamaraja II was the son of King Jayajetha III. After King Ang Im returned the throne to him, King Jayajetha III, in 1702, abdicated once again in favor of his son, King Dhamaraja II. However, King Dhamaraja II was only 12 years old at the time. So, he took the throne for only 2 years then returned it to his father, King Jayajetha III.
It was until 1706 that King Dhamaraja II succeeded the throne. In the beginning of his reign, a group of Laotians who lived in Baray Kbot Chum village revolted. King Dhamaraja II sent an army to put down the revolt and sent most of the rebels running. Some of the rebels went to seek refuge with crowned Prince Ang Im. At that point, Prince Ang Im seized the opportunity by sending the leader of the Laotian rebels to recruit an army among the Vietnamese who were settling in the southern territory (present-day Southern Vietnam).
Prince Ang Im recruited about 20,000 Vietnamese soldiers along with the Laotian rebels and led them to besiege Oudong. King Dhamaraja II was captured in that siege. However, he was, along with his son and his younger bother, Prince Ang Tong, able to escape to Siam in 1710.

75) Prince Ang Im
(2nd reign 1710--1722, Capital: Oudong)
Prince Ang Im was the son of Prince Ang Non II. After overthrowing King Dhamaraja II, he succeeded the throne in 1710.
During the early period of his reign, the king of Siam sent an envoy with a letter asking Prince Ang Im to relinquish the throne to King Dhamaraja II. But, Prince Ang Im ignored the message. Later on in 1722, the king of Siam sent an army to dethrone Prince Ang Im in order to reinstall King Dhamaraja II in the Khmer court.
With the aid of the Vietnamese soldiers, Prince Ang Im faced off with the Siamese army in Pursat province. However, his army was overwhelmed by the Siamese army. Hence, Prince Ang Im acquiesced to the Siamese and promise to make Cambodia a tributary state of Siam. His action caused outrages among both court officials and ordinary people. To diffuse the tension, Prince Ang Im abdicated in 1722 in favor of his son, prince Satha II.

76) Prince Satha II [a.k.a. Ang Jaya]
(1722--1738, Capital: Oudong)
Prince Satha II was the son of Prince Ang Im. He succeeded the throne in 1722 after his father, Prince Ang Im, abdicated under public pressure. However, in 1729, Prince Ang Im returned to the throne and resumed the rule for another 7 months before public pressure forced him to abdicate once again. Prince Satha II resumed his reign from this point on.
In 1730, a Laotian living in Brosaut village, Ba Phnom district (Prey Veng province) instigated a group of Khmers to massacre the Vietnamese. This incident gave Vietnam a pretext to wage war with Cambodia. But, the Vietnamese did not succeed in subduing the Khmers; thus they retreated to the provinces of Vinh Long and My Tho.
In 1738, Prince Satha II suspected his wife, Princess Sri Socheata, of colluding with members of the Utya’s family to overthrow him. Hence, he plotted to kill them. However, Princess Sri Socheata and the Utya’s family knew of his plan and organized an uprising against the throne. Prince Satha II was losing in the struggle and eventually fled to Cochinchina (present-day Southern Vietnam). After toppling Prince Satha II from power, Princess Sri Socheata and the rest of the royal family members agreed to return King Dhamaraja II who was staying in Siam to ascend the throne.

77) King Dhamaraja II
(3rd reign 1738--1747, Capital: Oudong)
After Prince Satha II was overthrown in 1738, King Dhamaraja II returned to succeed the throne for the third time. Upon taking the rule, he appointed his son, Ang Im, as crowned prince (Preah Keovar) and his younger brother and his son, princes Ang Tong II and Utya, as heirs apparent.
During King Dhamaraja II’s third reign, Cambodia was at peace for a brief period of time until his death in 1747.

78) King Dhamaraja Ang Im
(1747, Capital: Oudong)
King Dhamaraja Ang Im was the son of King Dhamaraja II. He succeeded the throne in 1747 after the death of his father. But, his reign did not last. In that same year, his half brother, Prince Ang Ing, assassinated him in an attempt to usurp the throne.
Prince Ang Ing was also the son of King Dhamaraja II with a Siamese mother. He was also known as Prince Sri Suryau.
(To be continued)

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